Residence Permit in Turkey

Firstly the application process for a residence permit in Turkey is valid to anyone who wants to stay in the country for more than 90 days at a time. This application includes students, employees, foreigners married to Turkish nationals who are yet to obtain Turkish citizenship, anyone conducting scientific research, and foreign real estate buyers.

People who want to stay for less than that duration can use a tourist e-visa, but can't remain for more than 90 days during a 180 day period in Turkey.

Istanbul Homes supports families who have long-term plans and consider to buy a property for a long term residence permit in Turkey. We help you to on getting residence permits.

Why Should I Purchase a Real Estate for Residence Permit?

• Buying property is the key to renew your residence permit and obtain Turkish citizenship in the future.
• If a husband or wife in the family owns a property, one of them gets the Real Estate Residence Permit. Their children under 18 get automatically the same rights. (Except children over 18)
• The rental agreement residence permit is a Tourist Residence Permit and gives no rights. Your residence permit renewal application might be rejected without a reason in the future.
• Property Residence Permit provides you the right to apply for citizenship after 5 years, rental agreement visa does NOT.

Types of Residence Permit

Types of Residence PermitDepending on the aim of the stay, types of Resident Permit in Turkey have divided into six (6) main categories as follows; 

1. Short-Term Residence Permit
2. Long-Term Residence Permit
3. Accompany Family Residence Permit
4. Student Residence Permit
5. Humanitarian Residence Permit
6. Residence Permit for Victims of Human Trafficking

1. Short-Term Resident Permit

Types of short-term residence permit consist of eight (8) different choices. Each type of short-term residence permit is valid for a special circumstance.

1.1. Tourist Residence Permit

A short-term residence permit gives for tourism purposes and does not give the permit the right to work in Turkey.

Requirements and Documents and Notes:

• Residence permit validity of the short-term for up-to one (1) year.
• For application, you must be over eighteen (18) years.
• Valid health insurance. This condition is not required for foreigners who are under 18 years old or over 65 years old.
• Property ownership documents or rental contract in Turkey. Documents must be in Turkish and notarised by Turkish Noter.

Note: The title deed is must be up-to-date and should be renewed from the (Tapu Office) General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre.

Note: If the rental agreement contract is presented, your property landlord’s Turkish ID and title deed of the property is required to be submitted along with your rental contract.

• Local Turkish bank statement evidencing financial independence and ability to support the applicant and any dependent family members (spouse and children under the age of 18 years).

Notice: Economic independence is identified by Turkish immigration as proof of funds corresponding to the Turkish minimum wage index (currently $500 USD per month of staying).

• Resident permit application form signed and completed by the applicant. If you have appointed a lawyer to submit your visa documents, your lawyer must be issued with a limited power of attorney stamped by the notary office. The applicant must be physically present at the notary office in order to organize the power of attorney (because the signature will be required). If the current passport is not in Turkish, the applicant must need to be translated the current passport by the sworn translator at the Notary office. After the passport is translated into Turkish, the power of attorney can be processed and issued the same or the next day.
• The original passport, photocopy, and original notarized passport by Turkish Noter.

Note 1: If your passport in a Latin alphabet, notarized Turkish translation is not required for your passport.

Note 2: If your passport has not a date of birth, the applicant needs an approved birth certificate. For this document, notarized Turkish translation is required.

• Needed the four (4) biometric passport photos for each applicant. The photo has to contain a white background and meet biometric requirements.
• As applying for a spouse or dependent child (under eighteen years) submit sworn Turkish translations of the child’s birth certificate and spouse marriage certificate. The birth certificate needs an apostille stamp from your country’s Consulate in Turkey and after stamped by Turkey’s Foreign Ministry. It is taken a while and requires an appointment. You can attend private or any person who holds a power of attorney on your behalf can attend the appointment in order to complete the procedure. The original power of attorney will need to be presented at the time of the appointment by the Consulate and Foreign Ministry so as to act upon your behalf.
• Police clearance certificate.

If these documents have obtained from Turkish Authorities they must be e-signed/signed and stamped/sealed; if obtained from foreign countries, they must be apostilled and have notary public certified translations. If the applicant is a citizen of a state that is not a signatory to the Apostille Convention, said documents must be approved by the relevant state's authorities (consulate approval and by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or Competent Turkish Authorities authorized therefor).

How to Update Your Touristic Residence Permit?

Residence Permit in Turkey

Before the expiration date of your present residence permit., an update of Turkish tourist visa must be applied for within sixty (60) days. You can be completed online at https://e-ikamet.goc.gov.tr/

Note: If you want to try to update earlier than sixty (60) days before your present residence permit expiry date, your application will not be accepted.

Updated on 22.11.2019: From the date of 01.01.2020, If the foreigners who have received a short-term residence permit for a period of up to 1 year does not provide a new reason with justified reasons, requests for a residence permit will not be accepted.

TIP: Before your online application to update your tourist visa, you must be sure to have your biometric photo on your computer to upload during your online application. Bear in mind that your biometric photo should not be older than six (6) months.

• You can follow the steps to complete the online application. In the top right-hand corner of the website, you have a choice of four (4) languages to complete your application: English, Turkish, Russian, and Arabic.

• Click the “I apply for the extension of the duration of residence permit” seen as on the right.

Needed documents:

• Your passport must be copy notarized by the Turkish Noter. If your passport is in any language except Turkish, it needed to be translated by a sworn translator at the Turkish Notary office.
• Needed the four (4) biometric passport photos for each applicant. The photo has to contain a white background and meet biometric requirements. Bear in mind that these photos should not be older than six (6) months.
• An economic self-sufficiency declaration that you declare in the application form. The Directorate for Immigration may request a local Turkish bank statement evidencing economic independence and the ability to support the applicant and any dependent family members (spouse and children under the age of eighteen years).
• Valid health insurance. This condition is not required for foreigners who are under eighteen (18) years old or over sixty-five (65) years old.
• The copy of real estate ownership documents or your tenancy agreement in Turkey. Documents must be translated into Turkish and notarized by Turkish Noter.

If these documents have obtained from Turkish Authorities they must be e-signed/signed and stamped/sealed; if obtained from foreign countries, they must be apostilled and have notary public certified translations. If the applicant is a citizen of a state that is not a signatory to the Apostille Convention, said documents must be approved by the relevant state's authorities (consulate approval and by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or Competent Turkish Authorities authorized therefor).

Need-to-Know: Single Parents and Parents with Children

If you’re a single parent or recently divorced and you have a child/children applying for tourist visa renewal, a declaration of parental consent is required either the Mother or Father or in the case of both. If Turkish Authorities issued a parental consent document, it must be stamped and signed. The document must be apostilled by a Public Notary and translated into Turkish in the case where parental consent is from a foreign country.

1.2. Business Residence Permit

A business visa is a short term residence permit to grant the applicant to explore business ventures, visit suppliers.

Requirements and Documents:

• Residence permit validity of the short-term for up-to one (1) year.
• For application, you must be over eighteen (18) years.
• Valid health insurance. This condition is not required for foreigners who are under eighteen (18) years old or over sixty-five (65) years old.
• Evidence of economic independence and the ability to support yourself and any dependent family members as economically (spouse and children under the age of eighteen years).

Note: Financial independence is identified, by Turkish Immigration, as proof of funds equivalent to the Turkish minimum wage index ($500 USD per month of stay).

• Resident permit application form signed and completed by the applicant. If you have appointed a lawyer to submit your visa documents, your lawyer must be issued with a limited power of attorney stamped by the notary office. The applicant must be physically present at the notary office in order to organize the power of attorney (because the signature will be required). If the current passport is not in Turkish, the applicant must need to be translated the current passport by the sworn translator at the Notary office. After the passport is translated into Turkish, the power of attorney can be processed and issued the same or the next day.
• The original passport, photocopy, and original notarized passport by Turkish Noter.

Note 1: If your passport in a Latin alphabet, notarized Turkish translation is not required for your passport.

Note 2: If your passport has not a date of birth, the applicant needs an approved birth certificate. For this document, notarized Turkish translation is required.

• Needed the four (4) biometric passport photos for each applicant. The photo has to contain a white background and meet biometric requirements. Bear in mind that these photos should not be older than six (6) months.
• Police clearance certificate.

If these documents have obtained from Turkish Authorities they must be e-signed/signed and stamped/sealed; if obtained from foreign countries, they must be apostilled and have notary public certified translations. If the applicant is a citizen of a state that is not a signatory to the Apostille Convention, said documents must be approved by the relevant state's authorities (consulate approval and by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or Competent Turkish Authorities authorized therefor).

How to Update Your Business Residence Permit?

Requirements and documents as follows;

• Your passport must be copy notarized by the Turkish Noter. If your passport is in any language except Turkish, it needed to be translated by a sworn translator at the Turkish Notary office.
• Needed the four (4) biometric passport photos for each applicant. The photo has to contain a white background and meet biometric requirements. Bear in mind that these photos should not be older than six (6) months.
• An economic self-sufficiency declaration that you declare in the application form. The Directorate for Immigration may request a local Turkish bank statement evidencing economic independence and the ability to support the applicant and any dependent family members (spouse and children under the age of eighteen years).
• Valid health insurance.
• Police clearance certificate.

If these documents have obtained from Turkish Authorities they must be e-signed/signed and stamped/sealed; if obtained from foreign countries, they must be apostilled and have notary public certified translations. If the applicant is a citizen of a state that is not a signatory to the Apostille Convention, said documents must be approved by the relevant state's authorities (consulate approval and by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or Competent Turkish Authorities authorized therefor).

1.3. Residence Permit via Purchase Real Estate

If you want to obtain Turkish Citizenship, a residence permit via purchase real estate gives the applicant the right to citizenship and a Turkish passport.

An applicant must provide any of the following requirements:

• When you want to the application, you can invest a minimum of five hundred thousand United States dollars ($500,000 USD) for a minimum term of three (3) years in a fixed deposit in a local Turkish bank, Government Bonds, or Turkish real estate investment trusts (REITs).
• You may buy a real estate valued above two hundred and fifty thousand United States dollars ($250,000 USD) and undertake in the registry that you will not sell the real estate for up to three (3) years. Source of funds for investment must self-funded and paid in full (Under this category there is no bank finance and credit possibility).
• To start your own business that consists of employment for a minimum of fifty (50) employees, provide all employees with social security and maintain the business, employees, and social security payments for at least three (3) years.

Requirements and Documents:

• You must be over eighteen (18) years for application.
• Passport copy notarized. If your passport is in any language other than Turkish, this passport has a need to be translated by a sworn translator at the Turkish Notary office.
• Needed the four (4) biometric passport photos for each applicant. The photo has to contain a white background and meet biometric requirements. Bear in mind that these photos should not be older than six (6) months.
• Valid health insurance. This condition is not required for foreigners who are under 18 years old or over 65 years old.
• Documents of evidence of your investment;
• Real estate title deed by Land Registry with three (3) year restriction on sale should be documented on the title deed and earthquake insurance.
• According to the Ministry of Treasury and Finance or the Capital Markets Board of Turkey, a document evidencing a minimum investment of five hundred thousand United States dollars ($500,000 USD) for a minimum of three (3) years.
• According to the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Services, a document evidencing the bring in employment for a minimum of fifty (50) employees.
• Police clearance certificate.

If these documents have obtained from Turkish Authorities they must be e-signed/signed and stamped/sealed; if obtained from foreign countries, they must be apostilled and have notary public certified translations. If the applicant is a citizen of a state that is not a signatory to the Apostille Convention, said documents must be approved by the relevant state's authorities (consulate approval and by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or Competent Turkish Authorities authorized therefor).

Short-term Residence Permit includes many other opportunities for foreigners who will come to Turkey for as below;

• Scientific research (filming activities for documentaries, movies, archaeological and excavation digs, surface research, film location research, etc.),
• Medical treatment,
• Short time training programs (non-education programs),
• Judicial authorities (Victims of domestic violence and foreigners who have divorced from Turkish citizens, and so require an alternative right to residence as issued through the courts).

Getting a Short-Term Residence Permit with a Rental Contract

Foreigners may get a residence permit related to the law nr 6458, Foreigners and International Protection Law. If you are a foreigner coming to Turkey for the first time, you can get a residence permit by a rental contract. Despite the procedure goes fast and effective, there is a critical point which you should be aware of; This residence permit is valid for one year. It cannot be extended with a rental contract. Rental agreement residence permits do not give you the right of obtaining Turkish citizenship after 5 years.

More information: Click to learn more information about Short-term Residence Permit Types

2. Long Term Residence Permit

The applicants who want to live in Turkey can apply for a long-term residence permit if they provide the following requirements:

• Residence in Turkey for a minimum of eight (8) years consecutively and consistently. Short-term is permitted, but any time up to six (6) months within one (1) year or more in total shall forfeit the right to apply for a long-term resident.
• Economically self-sufficient and has not received any economic support from the Turkish Government in the last three (3) years.
• The policy of valid private health insurance.
• Clean criminal record

How to Apply for Long Term Residence Permit?

• The applicants who provide the above criteria must visit their provincial security directorate or the Immigration Office reside with their present passport and Turkish ID.
• The long-term residence permit is valid provided that does not reside outside of Turkey for over one (1) year. Exceptions to this rule include exiting Turkey for over one (1) year for reasons of health, education, or mandatory public service in the beholder’s native homeland.
• Long-term residence permit holders have almost the same rights as Turkish Citizens. These subjects are exceptions;
• Compulsory military service.
• The right to vote and be elected.
• Working in public service.
• Exemption from customs duties when importing vehicles.

Requirements and Documents:

• Original and photocopy of the passport. Passport copy notarized by the Turkish Noter. (Passport will need to be translated by a sworn translator at the Turkish Notary office.)
• Present residence permit and Turkish ID.
• Two (2) biometric photographs and not older than six (6) months.
• The document confirming that did not economic aid received from the Turkish Government or Organisations in the last three (3) years.
• Evidence of economic independence.
• Available medical insurance.
• Police clearance certificate.

If these documents have obtained from Turkish Authorities they must be e-signed/signed and stamped/sealed; if obtained from foreign countries, they must be apostilled and have notary public certified translations. If the applicant is a citizen of a state that is not a signatory to the Apostille Convention, said documents must be approved by the relevant state's authorities (consulate approval and by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or Competent Turkish Authorities authorized, therefore).

3. Accompany Family Residence Permit

This category of residence permit is effective for foreign national spouses and/or relatives of Turkish citizens who want to bring their family to Turkey and also for foreigners who own any type of residence permit in Turkey. The family residence permit allows dependent children under 18 years old to continue their education without obtaining a student residence permit.

Requirements and Documents:

• Residence permit validity for up to three (3) years.
• You can apply online at https://e-ikamet.goc.gov.tr

TIP: Before starting an online application to renew your residence permit, you should be sure to have your biometric photo on your computer. Bear in mind that your biometric photo should not be older than six (6) months.

• The applicants who within the scope of Article 28 of law number 5901, including foreign nationals holding a residence permit, refugees, and minors.
• Document of private Turkish health insurance for applicants between the age of eighteen and sixty-five.
• Real estate ownership documents or rental contract in Turkey. These documents have to in Turkish and notarised by Turkish Noter.

Note: If the rental contract is presented, your landlord’s Turkish ID and title deed of the real estate is required to be submitted along with it's your rental contract.

• Local Turkish bank statement evidencing financial independence and ability to support the applicant and any dependent family members (spouse and children under the age of eighteen (18) years old).

Note: Economic independence is accepted by Turkish immigration as proof of funds equivalent to the Turkish minimum wage index (at the moment $500 USD per month of stay).

• Resident permit application form signed and completed by the applicant. If you have appointed a lawyer to submit your documents, your lawyer must be issued with a limited power of attorney stamped by the notary office. The applicant must be physically present at the notary office in order to organize the power of attorney (because the signature will be required). If the current passport is not in Turkish, the applicant must need to be translated the current passport by the sworn translator at the Notary office. After the passport is translated into Turkish, the power of attorney can be processed and issued the same or the next day.
• The original passport, photocopy, and original notarized passport by Turkish Noter.
• Needed the four (4) biometric passport photos for each applicant. The photo has to contain a white background and meet biometric requirements.
• As applying for a spouse or dependent child (under eighteen years) submit sworn Turkish translations of the child’s birth certificate and spouse marriage certificate. The birth certificate needs an apostille stamp from your country’s Consulate in Turkey and after stamped by Turkey’s Foreign Ministry. It is taken a while and requires an appointment. You can attend private or any person who holds a power of attorney on your behalf can attend the appointment in order to complete the procedure. The original power of attorney will need to be presented at the time of the appointment by the Consulate and Foreign Ministry so as to act upon your behalf.
• Police clearance certificate.

If these documents have obtained from Turkish Authorities they must be e-signed/signed and stamped/sealed; if obtained from foreign countries, they must be apostilled and have notary public certified translations. If the applicant is a citizen of a state that is not a signatory to the Apostille Convention, said documents must be approved by the relevant state's authorities (consulate approval and by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or Competent Turkish Authorities authorized therefor).

Note: If the foreigner who will apply for Family Residence Permit has more than one spouse, only one of the spouses can benefit from this permit. As all children of the head of the family can be given a Family Residence Permit.

4. Student Residence Permit

Residence permits are given for tertiary studies for the duration of the course taught at an approved Turkish educational institute.

Requirements and Documents:

• Completed and signed the resident application form.
• Letter of acceptance from Turkish educational institute mentioning the type of course, duration, of course starting and the finishing date, of course, location of the course, name of educational institute offering course, and capacity studying at course: post-graduate studies, research, internship, etc.
• If the applicant is under eighteen (18) years of age, letter of consent from parents to attend a course in Turkey.
• Passport copy notarized by the Turkish Noter. (Passport will need to be translated by a sworn translator at the Turkish Notary office.)
• Four (4) biometric photos (against a white background) on your computer to upload during your online application. Note that your biometric photo should not be older than six (6) months.
• Evidence of Turkish private health insurance for applicants between the age of eighteen and sixty-five.
• A financial self-sufficiency declaration (that you declare in the application form). However, Directorate for Immigration may request a local Turkish bank statement evidencing financial independence and the ability to support the applicant and any dependent family members (spouse and children under the age of eighteen (18) years old).
• Police clearance certificate.

If these documents have obtained from Turkish Authorities they must be e-signed/signed and stamped/sealed; if obtained from foreign countries, they must be apostilled and have notary public certified translations. If the applicant is a citizen of a state that is not a signatory to the Apostille Convention, said documents must be approved by the relevant state's authorities (consulate approval and by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or Competent Turkish Authorities authorized therefor).

Note: Economic independence is accepted by Turkish immigration as proof of funds equivalent to the Turkish minimum wage index (at the moment $500 USD per month of stay).

How to Update Your Student Residence Permit?

• Signed and completed the resident application form.
• The colored photocopy of the student's previous residence permit.
• Two (2) biometric photographs not older than six (6) months.
• Declaration of economic independence covering the duration of your stay in Turkey.
• Declaration from your educational institute mentioning the requirement for the extension of stay for study aim.
• if your age under the age of eighteen (18) years of age, a new approval letter is required from your parents.
• Copy of private health insurance policy in Turkey.
• Passport copy notarized by the Turkish Noter. (Passport will need to be translated by a sworn translator at the Turkish Notary office.)
• Police clearance certificate.

If these documents have obtained from Turkish Authorities they must be e-signed/signed and stamped/sealed; if obtained from foreign countries, they must be apostilled and have notary public certified translations. If the applicant is a citizen of a state that is not a signatory to the Apostille Convention, said documents must be approved by the relevant state's authorities (consulate approval and by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or Competent Turkish Authorities authorized therefor).

5. Humanitarian Residence Permit

The residence permit is offered for one (1) year to those suffering from displacement from civil war, violation of human rights, refugees, and a wide variety of individual humanitarian situations that are approved on a case-by-case basis. This residence permit is accepted by Articles 46 and 47 of the Law on Foreigners and International Protection number 6458.

This permit is not a pathway to resettlement in a third country via Turkey. All resettlement is handled directly by the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR).

Note: Conversely to all other residence permit types, you can not use the lawyer services to lodge your application for a humanitarian residence permit.

Requirements and Documents:

• Regardless of how the applicant entered the country, as legally or illegally, you must be applied directly to the Provincial Directorate of Migration Management as soon as possible.
• Signed and completed application form from the Provincial Directorate of Migration Management.
• This permit is only valid for one (1) year and renewable thereafter. (Renewal depends on the discretion of the Directorate.)
• Two (2) biometric photographs and not older than six (6) months.

6. Residence Permit for Victims of Human Trafficking

This residence permit is given who are victims of human trafficking valid for thirty (30) days. It is given by governorates.

Residence permits for the Victims of Human Trafficking might be prolonged six (6) months.

Note: Extensions can not exceed three (3) years in all.

Requirements and Documents:

• For this residence permit, any documents are not required.

Turkish Citizenship instead of Residence Permit

A foreigner who provides the following requirements can apply for Turkish citizenship instead of a resident permit. They are included as below;

• A fixed capital investment amount of 500.000 USD
• Buying a property in Turkey worth 250.000 USD and not sell it for three years.
• Starting your own business for a minimum of fifty (50) employees
• Foreigners who have deposited 500.000 USD to Turkish banks or bought the equivalent amount of government bonds.

More information: If you want to obtain a residence permit in Turkey, customers of Istanbul Homes always can contact us for more advice and help from our branches. Please reach out to us here to speak to a professional sales representative.

FAQ

Q: Does buying a property in Turkey allow me to get a residence permit?
A:
Yes, when a foreigner buys a property in Turkey, immigration offices provide residency upon demand. As the ownership continues, the residence permit can be renewed every two years.

Q: What are the advantages of having a residence permit in Turkey?
A:
Formal transactions are carried out more easily when a foreigner has a residence permit in Turkey. Although foreigners can benefit from most of the services without a residence permit, for some important services such as internet connection for houses, a residency is compulsory. Moreover, having a residence permit prevents the workload and cost of a visa.

Q: If I apply for a residence permit, can the government refuse my application?
A: 
Yes. Your application can be denied if there is a missing document or any non-compliance with the conditions. If there is no opposition or thread, you may obtain a residence permit easily.

Q: Should I submit a police clearance certificate from my native country or from Turkey?
A:
 It depends on your residence situation. If you are getting your residence permit for the first time in Turkey, you should submit your criminal record obtained from your own country. But if you are applying for a renewal and lived in Turkey for a short or long period, you have to obtain a criminal record from the Turkish Government too.

Q: Is it difficult to get a residence permit in Turkey?
A:
Obtaining a residence permit is an easy process for property owners in Turkey. However, the process requires experience and may seem complicated if you prefer to do it by yourself. Getting a service from professionals is recommended.

Q: Will I benefit from my residency before receiving my residency card?
A:
You will be given a temporary residency certificate at the end of your appointment at the immigration office. You can use this document until you get the original residency card.

Q: What are the necessary documents to apply for a residence permit?
A:
Necessary documents for residence permit application are; residence permit application form, the title deed of your property in Turkey, location information of the property from the local municipality, health insurance policy, four portrait photos, passport, and police clearance certificate.

Q: Who can get a residence permit with one title deed?
A:
Only families can get a residence permit with one title deed. This includes you, your spouse, and your children under the age of eighteen. If you want to get a residence permit for your children, you need to provide the apostilled birth certificates of the children in addition to the other required documents. Birth certificates are only needed for dependent children who are under 18 years old. 

Q: Can I get a residence permit with my property that I bought with a mortgage?
A:
Yes.

Q: How much does it cost to get a residence permit in Turkey?
A:
The cost of a residence permit depends on the applicant. Because the most important factor is the age of the applicant age which changes the health insurance price. Besides, the number of documents to be translated and the applicant’s nationality are the other factors which change the cost. Getting a residence permit may cost between 700 TL and 3500 TL.

Q: Is it possible to buy a property and get a residence permit remotely?
A:
Yes. Thanks to our TeleProperty service, you can buy a property remotely and we can get a residence permit on your behalf if you send us a power of attorney. Related Page: Power of Attorney

Q: Is there a permanent residency for foreigners in Turkey?
A:
If you stay in Turkey for eight years, you can apply for a long-term residence permit. The long term residence permit does not have an expiry date.

Q: What is the correct time to apply for residence permit renewal?
A:
You can apply for the renewal of your residency when you are in the last 60 days of your current residence permit.


* Source: Republic of Turkey Ministry of Interior Directorate General of Migration Management